Project Types

The Edmonton Regional Science Fair Council aims to encourage a broad range of science related student work. Students may enter projects that are experiments, studies and innovations. Each of these will be judged equally; experiments, studies and innovations are recognized at the Canada-Wide level. Projects compete in categories determined by grade level (Elementary, Junior, and Senior) and by subject (Life Science, Physical Science, Computing and Engineering) for juniors and seniors. The type of project (Experiment, Study, Innovation) determine what criteria are used to judge the project. The types and their criteria are described below:


An experiment is an investigation to test a specific hypothesis. For example: changing the colour of light to determine the effect on the growth of bean plants.
To obtain a high score, an experiment should be devised and carried out by the student(s), be original, control most significant variables, and have unpredictable results.


A study is an analysis of data to explain a situation or a phenomenon of scientific interest. For example: A regional study of cancer incidence may be related to specific industries and pollution levels to explain the cancer anomaly.
To obtain a high score, a study should draw upon literary research or observation, illustrate a cause-and-effect relationship or an original solution to a problem, and have in-depth statistical analysis of data.


An innovation involves the development and evaluation of devices, models, techniques or processes. For example: Constructing a computer guidance system to control a farm tractor, thus allowing it to plow a field without a human operator.
To obtain a high score, an innovation should involve designing and building innovative technologies or integrating several technologies in a way that will have economic impact or human benefit.